Out in East Berlin—Lesbians & Gays in the GDRJochen Hick and Andreas Strohfeldt
Paragraph 175, which made homosexual behavior punishable by law, was abolished in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1968. At that time, heterosexual nuclear families constituted the center of socialist society, and homosexuality was considered a peripheral issue in the GDR. Out in East Berlin—Lesbians & Gays in the GDR tells the impressive-to-absurd personal histories of gay men and lesbians in the GDR, from the post WWII years until the fall of the Berlin Wall. The experiences of lesbians and gays, on the path to a self-conscious, out sexual identity shared one specific and sinister perspective: they were accompanied by the watchful eye of the Ministry of State Security (Stasi), which recorded their actions in the bedroom and in innumerable personal files. The founders of East Berlin’s LGBT movement, the “Terrorlesben (Terror Lesbians)” from Prenzlauer Berg, gay Communists, and gays in church groups, all wanted to change the system and hoped for a society in which they could be more open about their sexuality. Some applied to leave the GDR for West Germany when they no longer believed that they could find equality and freedom from surveillance at home.
Through compelling interviews with lesbians and gays—from those who were activists to those who collaborated—filmmakers Jochen Hick and Andreas Strohfeldt elucidate the struggles of queer life in the GDR, in which citizens were monitored and spied upon. In addition, some East German gays and lesbians were pressured to betray the cause of homosexual emancipation. Using historical material never shown before, Out in East Berlin creates a fascinating, character-driven portrait of a nascent queer underground, which grew despite the strict tenets of mainstream socialist society—a society that, ironically, sought to create freedom for all of its citizens.
Select Festival Screenings
Berlin International Film Festival, Official Selection, Panorama, 2013
Pink Apple Film Festival, Zurich, Switzerland, 2013
Rainbow Film Festival Shropshire, United Kingdom, 2013
Neisse Film Festival, Germany, 2013
Magic Mirror, Sziget Festival, Budapest, Hungary, 2013
MixBrasil Film Festival, Rio de Janeiro & Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2013
Llamale Film Festival, Montevideo, Uraguay, 2013
Lesbisch-schwule Filmtage, Hamburg LGBT Film Festival, Germany, 2013
Perlen Film Festival, Hannover LGBT Film Festival, Germany, 2013
Queerfilm, Bremen LGBT Film Festival, Germany, 2013
Karlsruhe LGBT Film Festival, Germany, 2013
Ljubljana LGBT Film Festival, Slovenia, 2013
St. Petersburg Side by Side Film Festival, Russia, 2013
Rostock LGBT Film Festival, Germany, 2013
Esslingen LGBT Film Festival, Germany, 2013
ExGround Film Festival, Wiesbaden, Germany, 2013
Budapest Verizo Human Rights Film Festival, Hungary, 2013
Budapest LGBT Film Festival, Hungary, 2013
Jochen Hick’s Director’s Statement
Many films have emerged about the GDR, but when we started working on this documentary back in 2007, nothing about queer life and its political implications in the former East German state had been released. A lot of situations portrayed in Out In East Berlin—Lesbians & Gays in the GDR show parallels and similarities to our actual lives, and then some of the life stories must have needed those almost 25 years past the fall of the wall, to be ready to be told or heard. I could feel the explosiveness of some topics when they were touched upon: the workings of the Stasi, which also infiltrated the gay community is just one of them, but perhaps the most significant. I am very thankful for the courage and openness of our protagonists who revealed their personal stories and some of their secrets. I am grateful to all the participants, from those who decided to stand and fight, those who tried to leave the country, those who lived happily and who did just resign/give up, and I am endlessly curious about all of their motivations. These were some of my urgent questions. And being born and socialized in West Germany I was the last to be judgmental about anyone.
Over the past 25 years I have been directing and producing fiction films and documentaries about queer topics. This was definitely one of the most challenging ones, because of its historical depth and requirements for archival footage. It took Andreas Strohfeldt, the Co-Director, a lot of time to find these materials—some of which have never been shown before—and it took a lot of negotiations to make them accessible to the public.
It feels a bit strange, but today (queer) sex and politics are discussed worldwide, both in democratic and totalitarian political systems. Out In East Berlin is political, entertaining, funny, as well as tragic, I do very much hope that this film is as relevant for American audiences, as it has been for viewers in other countries, where the film has been already presented. We hope it provides a window into queer life under communism in the GDR.
Andreas Strohfeldt’s Director’s Statement
I was born in the GDR, but did not have the courage to reveal my homosexuality before the wall came down in 1989. Being Gay was a taboo for a long time, at least officially. My mother was a communist, and I was too. Somehow I knew: being Gay would be the wrong way to be a “good” son and “good” citizen of the country where I lived, and which I thought to be the better Germany. I was wrong about equating being gay with not being a “good” citizen, but it took some time to understand: why?
About 20 years after the wall came down I met director Jochen Hick, who asked me to support him in the making of his documentary East/West – Sex & Politics about the struggles of the Russian Gay movement and Moscow Gay Pride. Coming back from Moscow he asked: Why not make a film about Gays and Lesbians in the GDR? I was enthusiastic about the idea, because enough time had passed to look back and rediscover the country, which from the very beginning had been an ideological battlefield between left and right, left and left etc. A lot of nonsense had come over us, the East Germans, and I now wanted to know how people, who I had never met in my “Hidden in the Closet” youth, had lived their Gay or Lesbian lives. We met outstanding personalities, learned about lives, which in some aspects were close to mine and in others so very different. Jochen and I decided from the very beginning to make a political film, which should highlight the East German specifics and show people who were willing to fight for their rights.
Out in East Berlin does not pretend to cover the whole history of East German Gays and Lesbians. We opened one of the many possible doors to look back. I hope people will watch our movie and understand better, where we are from and where we are going. And I hope that in countries, where homosexuals, transgenders and other sexual rebels are under big pressure, people will get courage and inspiration.
Jochen Hick and Andreas Strohfeldt
Jochen Hick’s Biography
Jochen Hick, was born in 1960 in Darmstadt, Germany. Between 1981 and 1987 he studied film at the University of Fine Arts of Hamburg and also in Bologna. In 1994, he founded the film production company Galeria Alaska Productions. He is a freelance writer, journalist, director and producer of film and television, based in Hamburg and Berlin, Germany. Hick’s theatrical and TV productions have received more than 300 international film festival invitations, including nine films shown in the Berlin International Film Festival, several awards and numerous reviews. His films have been distributed and shown in several countries.
From 2007 until 2010 he was Commissioning Editor and Deputy Director of Programmes at TIMM television channel in Germany, where he was also Head of Factual Programming (editor-in-chief) and head of program acquisition, including legal and budgeting. Hick is also a part-time lecturer at the German Film and Television Academy Berlin, on various topics, including No/Low-Budget-Filmmaking and preparations and first steps in the professional world for filmmakers, producers and directors.
Jochen Hick’s Filmography:
1988-90 Via Appia (feature)
1991 Teufel Im Paradies (docufeature)
1992 Welcome To The Dome (short documentary)
1995 Menmaniacs – The Legacy Of Leather (documentary)
1998 Sex/Life In L.A. (feature documentary)
1999-2000 No One Sleeps (feature)
2001-2003 Talk Straight – The World Of Rural Queers (feature documentary)
2005 Cycles Of Porn (feature documentary)
2005-2006 Rainbow’s End (feature documentary and docufeature)
2006 Hallelujah! (short)
2006 Germany – An Autumn’s Tale (short)
2008 East/West – Sex & Politics (feature documentary)
2009 The Good American (feature documentary)
2011 GDR Under the Rainbow (TV documentary)
2011-to the present: Oral History Project (production and distribution of a worldwide interview project, first module: Oral History: Gdr)
2013 Out in East Berlin—Lesbians & Gays in the GDR
Andreas Strohfeldt’s Biography
Born in 1962 in Eberswalde, East Germany, Strohfeldt studied at the Institute of Foreign Relations in Moscow from 1983-1988. He later moved to Saint Petersburg where he organized Queer Cinema screenings and retrospectives. He has written and directed various short films. He worked as a researcher, executive producer and translator (Russian) on documentaries and feature films with Elfi Mikesch (Mon Paradis – The Hermitage, 2000); Ulrike Ottinger (12 Chairs, Berlin International Film Festival, 2004), Kevin Sim (The Secret Life of the Berlin Wall, 2009) and others. Strohfeldt was the co-director with Michael Amtmann of The Lost Sky about German art in the St. Petersburg Hermitage (2001, TV film) and was author and co-director with Jochen Hick on GDR under Rainbow (2011, TV film).
He worked previously as assistant director with Jochen Hick on Hick’s documentary East/West – Sex & Politics, which was shot in Moscow, post-produced in Berlin, and premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival in 2008.
Andreas Strohfeldt’s Filmography
Mon Paradis–The Hermitage, dir. Elfi Mikesch (2000); researcher and translator
12 Chairs, dir. Ulrike Ottinger (Berlin International Film Festival, 2004); researcher and translator
East/West – Sex & Politics, dir. Jochen Hick (documentary, 2008); assistant director
The Secret Life of the Berlin Wall, dir. Kevin Sim (2009); researcher
The Lost Sky (2001, TV film), about German Art in the St. Petersburg Hermitage; co-director with Michael Amtmann
GDR under the Rainbow (2011, TV film); co- director with Jochen Hick
Writers & Directors
Jochen Hick & Andreas Strohfeldt
Jochen Hick & Thomas Zahn
Editor & motion design
Matthias Köninger & Stefan Kuschner
Michael Kramer / CPM Musikverlag
Nadja Schallenberg, Gilles Lasnet
Tanja van de Loo
Subtitles and translations
Sound design and re-recording mixer
Jörg Theil & Michael Kaczmarek
Gedenkstätte Günter Litfin
Stiftung Brandenburgische Gedenkstätten
Deutsche Bahn (PR & Interne Kommunikation)
Promenaden Hauptbahnhof Leipzig
Evangelisches Missionshaus Leipzig
Humboldt Universität zu Berlin
Museum Bad Schandau
Prenzlauer Berg Museum
Progress Filmverleih GmbH
HIB – Homosexuelle Interessengemeinschaft Berlin
Excerpts from “Kinder, Kader, Kommandeure” – C. Cay Wesnigk
Excerpts from “Westler”- Wieland Speck
BStU “Stasi Unterlagen-Behörde”
Schwules Museum – Jens Dobler, Karl-Heinz Steinle
Havemann Gesellschaft / Graues Archiv
OSTKREUZ Agentur der Fotografen
Ev. Missionshaus Leipzig
LÄSBISCH TV – Mahide Lein
Zentral- & Landesbibliothek Berlin
Excerpts Moscow – Andreas Strohfeldt
Excerpts Cuba – Alexander Roessner
Peter Rausch, Micha Unger, Bodo Amelang
and private archives of protagonists
And Wolfgang Beyer, Lothar Dönitz, Fred Frumberg, Dieter Neuendorf, Brigitte Schütze, Bernd Stapel
Main Interviewee Bios (in order of appearance)
Born in 1942 in Berlin. Professional puppeteer. Had his coming out in the 50s. He and his homosexual schoolmates would refer to themselves as “enchanted”. The Berlin wall separated him from his first boyfriend, who lived in West Berlin. With Dieter he’s been together for more than 50 years now. Peter has been dreaming of a “leading a perfectly normal life”. With his friends he had huge parties with up to 50 guests and special travesty shows.
Born in 1937 in Berlin. Brother of Günther Litfin, who was shot by GDR border police while attempting to swim thru Humboldt harbour to West Berlin on August 24, 1961. The first victim of the wall. The official newspaper NEUES DEUTSCHLAND called Günther Litfin in two defaming articles on Sept. 1 and Sept. 2, 1961 as “puppet”, a criminal homosexual, who looked for vicitims in East Berlin. In West Berlin a memorial stone was set up for him. Jürgen Litfin fiercely denies his brother was homosexual. Not far from Humboldt harbour and the memorial stone for his brother, he runs a former observation tower as memorial site. In 2001 NEUES DEUTSCHLAND, at the urging of Jürgen Litfin,
published a comprehensive article about what happened in 1961 and the way it was reported.
Born in 1960, grew up on the campus of youth university Wilhelm Pieck at Bogensee (North-East of Berlin, close to Wandlitz, where many members of the GDR Politbüro lived), where her father taught Marxism/Leninism. Her childhood in this “political colony” she calls “magical”. At age 8 the family moves to Apolda near Erfurt (In Turinga), where she first encountered GDR reality. At a very early age she felt drawn much more to girls than to boys and suffered from the lack of information and possible alternatives in GDR. During her studies at Humboldt University in Berlin she met other lesbians and had her coming out. She stopped studying and worked against the threat of compulsory military service for women in GDR, in 1983 together with others founded the working group „Homosexual self-help – Lesbians in Church“ at Gethsemane parish in Berlin Prenzlauer Berg. In April 1985 she co-organized the circumvented wreath ceremony for the lesbian victims of fascism in the former concentration camp Ravensbrück. Increasingly she found herself in conflict with her family and the country they represented. In 1986 she finally left GDR and lives in West Berlin. She teaches German for grammar school students from migrant families.
Born in 1950 in Berlin. His father was secretary of state for national education in the 50s. As a child already Klaus was interested in politics and wanted to “get high into the act”. He was haunted by constant fear that someone could guess he was homosexual. He studied diplomacy in Moscow, but was dismissed after three years, as he didn’t “fit in there.” He then joined the military and had to “prove” himself as a worker in the industry. In 1979 he took up studies again at Humboldt University Berlin. He had his coming out and engaged in the lesbian and gay groups that evolved in the early 80s. His goal was to discuss the gay issue inside the state party. As a result he was expelled from the party and lost his professional perspectives. He became a translator for literature and became a member of the GDR writers’ association. He remained critically distant towards GDR until the end. He was under observation of state security. In October 1989 he took part in the demonstrations against the party leadership. He still today works as a literature translator, mostly from Spanish.
Born in 1944, he grew up in Bad Elster, Saxony. Early on he suspects being homosexual, develops fear and a guilt complex, which marked his life for a long time. Through a friend he joins a Christian group and is so impressed, that he experiences a “flash-conversion.” During his theology studies in Leipzig he discovers gay life in public toilets and parks. Through an indiscretion of a fellow student his homosexuality gets known in the faculty. The open hostility of most lecturers and fellow students forces him to stop his studies. He works as a bookseller, in the late 80s in the social service. In the 80s, together with Eduard Stapel), he co-founds under the roof of the church working groups for the lesbian and gay emancipation in Leipzig and Berlin During a peace camp in 1983 the group emerges under the motto „Better a warm brother than a cold warrior“. In the early 90s he was member of the Berlin state parliament for the Green Party and their spokesperson for youth issues.
Born in 1960 in Berlin. Her mother was active in the state party. As a child already Marinka was interested in politics. She couldn’t understand, why the Soviet army invaded Czechoslovakia. This is when the first questions arose. She studied journalism in Leipzig. Her coming out she only had at age 30 and then engaged in the working group “Homosexual self-help – Lesbians in Church” at Gethsemane Church. Together with Marina Krug and Bettina Dziggel she organized the circumvented wreath ceremony for the lesbian victims of fascism in the former concentration camp Ravensbrück. Marinka lamented that so many committed women left the GDR. For her moving West was out of the question. During the fall of the regime she worked with the civil rights activists. Now she works as librarian.
Born in 1950 in Berlin into a communist worker’s family, he grew up in one of the newly built apartments in former Stalin Allee. After his military service he studied electronics in the early 70s in Berlin. In his one-room apartment at Alexanderplatz in the very center of Berlin he founded, with Michael Eggert and others, the Homosexual Community of Interest Berlin (HIB) in 1973. Their goals: be family, education on homosexuality in GDR, publicity and education in the scene. The group shot a number of super 8 films, organized presentations and parties as well as their own cabaret. The numerous attempts for official registration and recognition by the government failed, and in 1979 they are finally forced to shut down the group. He later on engages himself in the “Sonntags-Club” and is still active for lesbian and gay issues today.
Born in 1953 in Berlin. Co-founded with Peter Rausch the Homosexual Community of Interest Berlin (HIB) in 1973 and was one of the most active members. In the 80s he was active in church groups and later in the secular Sunday Club (“Sonntags-Club”)
Born in 1960 in a village near Dresden. After her engineering studies in Halle she came to Berlin in 1981. She was active in peace groups, and in 1983/84 wasone of the co-founders of “Homosexual self-help -Lesbians in Church,” where she was engaged until the end of GDR. Works as educator with mentally handicapped people.
Born in 1956 in Berlin. Coming out without complications. Apprenticeship as salesman (aborted) and photographer. Lived in Warsaw in the late 70s/early 80s. In a squat in Prenzlauer Berg he organized legendary parties and performances. In 1984 he moved to West Berlin. Is a singer under the name Marie Marlene von P.
Born in 1964 in Berlin Lichtenberg. Trained as electrician with Deutsche Reichsbahn (GDR railway), but was really interested in photography. Fascinated by Prenzlauer Berg and its cultural scene. With his US friend Fred Frumberg, he worked at Komische Oper, a leading Berlin opera company, as an intern and Harry Kupfer’s assistant. He travelled to Prague in 1985. At the border station Bad Schandau he was arrested and interrogated. He was accused of having attempted to leave GDR illegally. His passport was withdrawn. Back in Berlin, he was recruited by state security (the Stasi)—who took advantage of his difficult situation as a so-called “asaocial” (no regular work, difficult family background, no place of residence)—as unofficial staff. His mandate was to obtain information on and photos of the church working groups, and he was faced with the moral dilemma of having to spy on his friends. Andreas Fux was the first photographer of male nudes in East Berlin. Some of these photos were published still in GDR in MAGAZIN. He wasn’t allowed to take up university studies and was barred from membership in professional associations. Today Andreas still lives in Prenzlauer Berg and is a renowned photographer.
born in 1953 in Bismark (Altmark, ). Studied journalism, then theology in Leipzig. In 1982 with Christian Pulz cofounder of the working group homosexuality with the protestant student parish in Leipzig. Fought for the ordination of openly gay priests in the church, thus he was denied priesthood. From 1985 to 1990 he was appointed for working with gays at the protestant city mission in Magdeburg. He worked hard on founding working groups homosexuality in many, also mall GDR cities, which made him suspicious to state security. His dossier fills more than 10 huge folders. After the wall came down he co-founded among others LSVD (lesbian and gay alliance Germany). With his brother Bernd he lives in Bismark in Saxony-Anhalt. Since 2011 he is mayor of the small town.
Born in Melbourne, Australia, in 1952, Peter Tatchell has been campaigning for human rights, democracy, LGBT freedom and global justice since 1967. He is a member of the queer human rights group OutRage!, and the left-wing of the Green Party. Peter is also the Green Party’s spokesperson on human rights. Through the Peter Tatchell Foundation, he campaigns for human rights in Britain and internationally.
His first campaign was against the death penalty, followed by campaigns in support of Aboriginal rights and in opposition to conscription and the Australian and US war against the people of Vietnam. In 1969, on realizing that he was gay, the struggle for queer freedom became an increasing focus of his activism. After moving to London in 1971, he became a leading activist in the Gay Liberation Front (GLF); organising sit-ins at pubs that refused to serve “poofs”, and protests against police harassment and the medical classification of homosexuality as an illness. He famously disrupted Prof Hans Eysenck’s 1972 lecture which advocated electric shock aversion therapy to “cure” homosexuality.
The following year, in East Berlin, he was arrested and interrogated by the secret police – the Stasi – after staging the first ever gay rights protest in a communist country. Throughout much of the 1970s, and continuing today he is active in anti-imperialist solidarity campaigns. He is the author of over 3,000 published articles and six books, including The Battle for Bermondsey (Heretic Books), Democratic Defence – A Non-Nuclear Alternative (Heretic Books/GMP) and We Don’t Want To March Straight – Masculinity, Queers & The Military (Cassell).
Cinematography Thomas Zahn
Thomas Zahn was born in 1962 in East Berlin. From 1974-1977, he was a camera assistant at GDR television. From 1977-1981, he studied and received a diploma at the Hochschule für Film und Fernsehen (Film & TV Academy Potsdam Babelsberg). From 1981-1991 he was a cameraman for DDR Fernsehen in Bereichen Fernsehspiel, Publizistik-Kulturmagazine (GDR television for TV-play (fiction) and cultural programs. Since 1991, Zahn has been a cameraman for ORB and RBB public television. His filmography includes more than 60 TV documentaries and reportage, including:
2001 Heiner Müller – kommt Zeit kommt Tod, Feature
2003 Clown Gottes, Ballettfilm – über Waslaw Nijinsky
2004 ARD Exklusiv – Häusliche Gewalt, Reportage
2005 Das kalte Herz, Reportage
2006 Geheimnisvolle Orte – Der zoologische Garten, Feature
2007 Berlin Hansaviertel, Feature
2008 Ein Jude, der Deutschland liebte, Feature über Willy Cohn
2008 24 h Berlin- Porträt einer Stadt (Mitarbeit)
2009 Der Palast und seine Republik , Feature
2009 Das neue Museum -Nofretete kehrt heim ,Feature
2010 Leichensache Luxemburg, Feature
2010 Rebell im Frack – Wilhelm von Humboldt ,Feature
2011 DDR unterm Regenbogen, Feature
2011 Das Berliner Olympiastadion, Feature
2012 Der Rauswurf -Bärbel Bohley-Tagebuch einer Unbequemen, Feature
2012 Am Savignyplatz ,Feature
2013 Das Superhirn – die Staatsbibliothek unter den Linden ,Feature
2013 Mission Malle, Reportage
Editor Thomas Keller
Thomas Keller currently lives and works in Berlin, and edits on Final Cut Pro and Avid. Television series and films that he has edited include “Scitech – The World Tomorrow” (Science Series 2012 and 2013, 600 MIN, HD); “DDR Unterm Regenbogen” (Documentary 2011, 45 min, RBB); The Good American, (Documentary 2009, Galeria Alaska Productions 93 min, HDV); Colonial Education, (Documentary 2007/08, Goldgrund Tonfilm] 84 min, HDV); Sonntags In Berlin, (Documentary 2006/07, 27 min, DVCAM); and Survive Berlin, (Short film 2005/06, bellyfilms & FernWeh, 15 min, HDCAM). Keller has been involved in multiple performance and multimedia projects. Until 2003, he was one of the founding members of the UK performance company Uninvited Guests, which performed in the UK, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Spain, Denmark, Slovenia and Australia. In 1999, he received his diploma in Drama, Theater, Media at Gießen University, focusing on directing, multimedia art and editing. From 1997-98, he studied at the Department of Drama, Film & Television at Bristol University. He received a one-year artistic development grant from the Kunststiftung Baden-Württemberg, Germany; a Cell Culture Grant for a two month residency at Arteleku Arts Centre in San Sebastian, Spain; the Young Artists Award of the City of Ulm, Germany; and completed residencies at ZKM in Karlsruhe (Germany) and MMC in Manchester (UK).
Composer Matthias Köninger
German artist Matthias Köninger works and lives as a composer, arranger, sound designer, pianist and music therapist in Braunschweig, Germany. He has written scores and songs for TV shows, including the German “Sesame Street;” musical theatre, including “Momo;” feature films; documentaries; and acclaimed corporate and industrial films. Some of the films he scored were shown at the Berlin International Film Festival, including Jochen Hicks’s documentary film East West-Sex & Politics. Since 2003, a lot of Köninger’s music was created in collaboration with Berlin based singer, songwriter and actor Stefan Kuschner.
Composer Stefan Kuschner
Stefan Kuschner lives and works in Berlin as a singer, songwriter, composer, and actor. He was raised in Belgium, studied music at the Conservatorium Maastricht and plays and sings on various stages in Europe and in films. For many films and documentaries (including Out in East Berlin) Kuschner composes songs and scores with Matthias Köninger. Other films that Kuschner and Köninger have collaborated on include 18.15 h ab Ostkreuz, and East/West – Sex & Politics.
Sound Michael Kaczmarek
Michael Kaczmarek is a sound designer based in Berlin, Germany. He is also a re-recording mixer and producer. Since 2007, he has been the CEO of K13 Kinomischung, and prior to that he ran the K13 Music Studio from 1994-2007. Kaczmarek studied sound and music production at Musikhochschule Hanns Eisler, Berlin, Germany and also at Berklee College of Music, Boston, USA.
Other sound work includes:
2013 Journey to Jah (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2013 Planet USA (sound re-recording mixer)
2013 My Sweet Pepper Land (head of sound department) / (sound re-recording mixer)
2013 Lunchbox (sound re-recording mixer)
2013 Out in Ost-Berlin (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2012 Am Ende der Milchstrasse (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2012 On Air (sound re-recording mixer)
2012 Djeca – Kinder von Sarajevo (sound re-recording mixer)
2012 This Ain’t California (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2011 Zimmer 205 – Traust du dich rein? (sound re-recording mixer)
2011 Meanwhile in Mamelodi (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2011 Moy papa Baryshnikov (supervising sound editor)
2011 Kampf der Königinnen (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2011 The Big Eden (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2011 An einem Samstag (sound re-recording mixer)
2011 Vaterlandsverräter (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2010 Hunter’s Bride (sound re-recording mixer)
2010 Sergej in der Urne (Documentary) (sound re-recording mixer)
2010 Shahada (sound re-recording mixer)
The Hollywood Reporter
- November 20, 2014, San Francisco, CA
- Goethe Institut screening at the Alliance Francaise, 1345 Bush St. San Francisco at 6:30pm
- June 26, 2014, San Francisco, CA